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Monkey Orchid Photo

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As posted on Facebook, Nov. 9, 2012:
Monkey Orchid

Netlore Archive: Viral image depicts a so-called Monkey Orchid, an unusual flower with features reminiscent of the face of a monkey.

Image source: viral on Facebook

Description: Viral image
Circulating since: 2012
Status: Mixed (see details below)


Example caption #1
As posted on Facebook, Nov. 9, 2012:

THE 'MONKEY ORCHID' LOOKS LIKE A MONKEY!

This is the rare Monkey Orchid, found only in high elevations of Ecuador and Peru. The primate-esque flowers are formally known as Dracula simia.


Example caption #2
As posted on Facebook, Nov. 24, 2012:

Monkey Orchids

Nature doesn’t need an audience. These wonderful orchids come from the south-eastern Ecuadorian and Peruvian cloud forests from elevations of 10 00 to 2000 meters and as such not many people throughout history got to see them. However, thanks to intrepid collectors we do get to see this wonderful Monkey Orchid. Someone didn’t need much imagination to name it though, let’s face it.

Its scientific name is Dracula simia, the last part nodding towards the fact that this remarkable orchid bears more than a passing resemblance to a monkey’s face – although we won’t go as far as to be species specific on this one. The Dracula (genus) part of its name refers to the strange characteristic of the two long spurs of the sepals, reminiscent of the fangs of a certain Transylvanian count of film and fiction fame.


Analysis: The photo is real — this orchid does exist, and the colorful center of the flower does resemble the face of a monkey or baboon — but the captions above are only semi-correct. The actual species name is Dracula gigas (Dracula meaning "dragon," gigas meaning "giant"), not Dracula simia. The latter is a real species too, and its flower also resembles a monkey face (as do several other members of the Dracula genus), but it's not the same orchid pictured above.

Nor, despite its appearance, is the common name of the pictured flower "Monkey Orchid." That distinction belongs to yet another species, Orchis simia, whose purple flowers resemble a monkey's torso (there is also a "Monkeyface Orchid," Platanthera integrilabia).

There are over 20,000 species of orchids, many of which are visually reminiscent of other creatures and sundry inanimate objects, both natural and man-made. "Orchids have diverse and unflowerlike looks," observed Susan Orlean in her 1988 book, The Orchid Thief (New York: Ballantine). "One species looks just like a German shepherd dog with its tongue sticking out. One species looks like an onion. One looks like an octopus. One looks like a human nose. One looks like the kind of fancy shoes that a king might wear. One looks like Mickey Mouse. One looks like a monkey. One looks dead."

They aren't the only mimics in the plant kingdom (cf. the Parrot Flower of Southeast Asia and the South African Bird of Paradise), but in terms of sheer inventiveness and diversity the orchid family is in a league of its own.

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Sources and further reading:

Dracula gigas
Dracula Species Database, 24 September 2007

Dracula simia
Dracula Species Database, 24 September 2007

Orchis simia
Orchids Wiki, undated

Deception & Trickery in Plants: 12 Masters of Disguise
WebEcoist blog, 15 February 2010

From Monkey Face to Naked Man: The 12 Weirdest Orchids
HellaWella, 2 July 2013


Last updated 10/25/13

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